Types Of Heart Disease, Symptoms And Treatment

Because of our daily hectic and busy life, we are running towards money and forget to take care of ourself and in this case, you are stuck with so many diseases and heart disease is one of them. There are many types of heart disease.   

“ it is found In research that, Heart Disease is the main reason of death in the United States, as indicated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In the United States, 1 in every 4 death in is the consequence of a heart problem. That is around 610,000 individuals who die from the condition every year.”

Heart problem doesn’t separate. It’s the main source of death for a few populations, including Caucasians, Hispanics, and African-Americans. Practically 50% of Americans are in danger of heart problems, and the numbers are rising. Become familiar with the expansion in coronary illness rates.

What are the early signs of heart disease?

The most commonly recognized symptoms of heart disease are angina, chest pain. Angina can be depicted as an uneasiness, throbbing, consuming, or agonizing inclination in your chest. It may be confused with acid reflux or indigestion. Angina may likewise be felt in shoulders, arms, neck, throat, jaw, or back.

heart_disease_early sign

Some common heart disease problems are includes

  • Restlessness, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, hands or under the breast
  • Uneasiness radiates the back, jaw, throat, or arm
  • Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (can feel like heartburn)
  • Sweating, nausea, vomiting or dizziness
  • Excessive weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat

Types of heart disease

Types-of-Heart-Diseases (1)

Heart disease involves a wide range of cardiovascular problems. Many diseases and conditions fall under the umbrella of heart disease. Types of heart disease include:

Arrhythmia

It is an abnormality of heart rhythm.

There are several ways in which the heartbeat can lose its regular rhythm. Contains:

  • Premature ventricular contraction, or extra, unusual thrombosis
  • Tachycardia, when the heart beats very fast
  • Bradycardia, when the heart beats very slowly
  • Fibrillation, when the heartbeat is irregular

An arrhythmia occurs when there is coordination of electrical impulses in the heart that does not work properly. They beat the heart in a way that should not be done, whether it is very fast, very slow, or very wrong.

Irregular heartbeats are common, and all people experience them. They feel like a pulsing or racing heart, however, when they change too much or are due to damaged or weak heart, they need more seriousness and treatment.

Atherosclerosis-

Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy-

This is one of the types of heart disease. In this condition causes the heart muscles to be rigid or weak. As a result of weak muscle weakness, the heart chamber will become thin and can not pump blood properly. The most common cause of coronary artery disease is not enough oxygen to the heart muscle. It usually affects the left ventricle.

Congenital heart defects-

Congenital heart defects are irregularities of the heart which are present at birth. Some examples of congenital heart defects include.

  • Obstruction defects: Blood flow is partially or completely blocked through different cells of the heart.
  • Septal defect: There is a hole between the two cells of the heart.
  • Syonotic heart disease: A defect in the heart causes oxygen around the body.

Coronary artery disease-  

CAD is due to the formation of plaque in the arteries of the heart. It is sometimes called ischemic heart disease.Coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscles with nutrients and oxygen.
Coronary arteries can be diseased or damaged, usually due to plaque deposits in which cholesterol occurs. Plate buildup narrow coronary arteries and this gives less oxygen and nutrients to the heart.

Heart failure

Heart failure is also a type of heart disease it is also known as congestive heart failure, in the condition of heart failure the heart is unable to pump blood around the body effectively.

The heart is hardly affected, both sides are coronary artery disease or hypertension; over time, you can leave the heart very harsh or weak and to properly fill and pump.

Pulmonary stenosis

It becomes difficult for the heart to pump blood to the right ventricle in the pulmonary artery. The pulmonary valve is very tight. The right ventricle can be a baby blue with severe stenosis. Older children usually have no symptoms.

If the pressure in the right ventricle is very high, and to overcome an obstruction, balloon valvuloplasty or open-heart surgery can be done, then treatment is required.

Causes of heart disease

Heart-Attack-Causes

Heart disease is caused by damage to all or part of the heart, damage to the coronary arteries, or a poor supply of nutrients and oxygen to the organ.

Some types of cardiovascular disease, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, are genetic. These may be accompanied by congenital heart defects.

There are so many factors that can enhance the risk of heart disease. These are.  

  • History of preeclampsia during pregnancy
  • Age
  • Family history
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • Staying in a stable position for an extended time, like sitting at work

Having any of these risk factors increases the risk of heart disease. Some, age, are indispensable. For example, once a woman reaches the age of 55, then the chances of heart disease are high.

“Berries are healthy fruits, provide potential protection against cancer and cardiovascular disease, increase the immune system and act as a guard for the liver and brain.”

Treatment of heart disease

treatment of-heart-disease

There are two main lines of treatment for heart disease. Initially, a person could try to treat the condition of the heart using oral medication. If there is no desired effect on these, surgical options are available to help correct the problem.

Medication in heart disease

There are so many medicines are available in the market for the majority of heart conditions. Some are prescribed for the prevention of blood clots, but some are fulfilling other purposes.  

Here are some medicines for heart disease:

Angiotensin-converted enzyme (ACE) inhibitor for heart failure and high blood pressure.

Aspirin, Clopidogrel, and Warfarin to prevent blood clots

Statins to reduce cholesterol

Beta-blockers, heart attack, heart failure, and high blood pressure treatment

Surgery to treat heart disease

Surgery comes on the second option when the disease is not treated by medicines. Heart surgery takes a long time to recover.

However, they can be effective in treating obstructions and heart problems, for which medicines cannot be effective, especially in the advanced stages of heart disease.

Some surgeries which are most commonly used in treating heart disease are given below.

  • Pacemakers-

        It is an electric machine that helps to regulate a heartbeat for people who is suffering from arrhythmia.

  • Coronary artery bypass surgery

       This is a type of surgery which allows the flow of blood to reach the blocked part of the heart in people with blocked arteries.

  • Angioplasty,

          It is a type of surgery which is performed to clear the blockage. In this surgery, a balloon catheter is inserted to widen the narrow blood vessels, which can restrict blood flow to the heart.

“Prevantion is the most important treatment of heart disease “

A heart transplant is another option, however, it is often known as a true heart and blood type in the time required. People have a waiting list for donor organs and can sometimes wait for years.

Conclusion

After that, we can say heart disease convey all the disorder of the heart. And there are so many types of heart disease which are described in the article and also their treatment and early sign. Hope this article is helpful to you.

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